BASILIQUE DU SACRE COEUR
Franco-Prussian War of 1870, it was proposed to construct a church to
the Sacred Heart on the butte Montmartre. Although originally the fund
raising was by public subscription, in 1873, the National Assembly
declared its construction to be a state undertaking. Of the 78 entries
in the competition for its design, the one chosen was by the architect
named Abadie. He was already well known for his restoration of the
St-Front Cathedral in Périgueux.
The plans for the new basilica called for an edifice of Romano-Byzantine
style, and the first stone was laid in 1875. Abadie himself died in 1884
with only the foundation having been completed.
Completed in 1914, it was not consecrated until 1919 after World War I
had ended. The final cost was 40 million francs. Since 1885, there has
been perpetual adoration and worship within.
The interior of the church contains one of the worlds largest mosaics,
and depicts Christ with outstretched arms. The nearby bell tower
contains the ``Savoyarde''. Cast in Annecy in 1895, it is one of the
worlds heaviest at 19 tons.
This Basilica, in Romano-Byzantine style,
was build, as the mosaic above the choir reminds us, to accomplish a vow
made in consequence of the extreme need of France and of the Church in
1870. Despite the obstacles encountered by the builders, work was
brought to asuccessful conclusion thanks to a law passed by the National
Assembly and above all to the countless humble offerings sent from all
over France. Saint Theresa of the Infant Jesus, Father de Foucauld, the
poet Max Jacob, the painter Utrillo, Pius XII, John XXIII often prayed
here, as well as the ordinary people, in times of distress : 1914, 1940,
Budapest, Algeria. John Paul II came in 1980.
Official Website: n/a
Sunday : 11 am High mass
with the Little Singers of Montmartre - 6 pm and 10:15 pm Last masses.
Every Friday : 3 pm biblical meditation sung in French. Chaplain at the
disposal of all to the right of the entrance
30, 54, 80, 85, Montmartrobus230, 54, 80,
Anvers, Abbesses, Château Rouge,
Basilica: 6.45 a.m.-11 p.m., Dome and crypt: 9 a.m.-6 p.m. - late night
opening: Basilica: 11 p.m.
Basilica: free access - Dome, crypt: 15 FF. - Red. Dome and crypt: 8 FF.